Hardware and Firmware

Internet of Things, WSN networks and wireless technologiesHardware and Firmware

Cubit carries out Hardware and Firmware Design activities in the fields of Internet of Things (IoT), WSN (Wireless Sensor Networks) and of wireless technologies in general.

The technologies

In particular, CUBIT research and development activities gained  a strong experience over the year,s allowing the creation of innovative products based on these technologies:

  • 15.4, ZigBee, 6lowPAN, Thread
  • Z-Wave
  • BlueTooth Classic/LowEnergy
  • 11, Wi-Fi
  • Wireless MAN – Broadband Wireless Access (HiperLAN/MAN, 802.16-Rev.2004, WiMax, WiBro, 802.16e, 802.20)
  • Lora e Sigfox
  • 2G/3G – UMTS-GPRS
  • LTE – Long Term Evolution, Next Generation Mobile
  • GPS
  • Ultra Wide Band (UWB)
  • Radiofrequency, Micro-wave e Millimetre Wave Systems
  • Narrow Band IoT


  • Smart city
  • Smart metering (water, gas, mobility, energy, services)
  • Smart grids
  • Infomobility
  • City management
  • Home automation
  • E-health

Application sectors

Smart city

  • Wireless Sensor Networks and telecommunications distributed systems for quality monitoring of several environmental parameters: air, water, radon, electromagnetic pollution, particulate matter, noise
  • Contactless interoperable ticketing systems for public transport
  • M2M systems for traffic monitoring
  • Wireless smart street lighting system – Smart Street Lighting

Smart metering

Wireless Sensor Networks and telecommunications distributed systems for “smart metering” solutions.

Smart Home

Technologies for domotic home and entertainment

Industry 4.0

  • Applications of sensors and radio tecnologies to machine control and to the enhancing of industrial processes  (manteinance and prediction)

Smart grids

Telecommunication systems for management of “smart grid” solutions and relative EMC certifications


  • RFId technology and sensor networks for traffic management.
    RFId technologies and sensor networks for autonomy and social inclusion of people with disabilities


Portable wireless mobile solutions to monitor the biomedical parameters


Strategic and technological support services:

  • R&D thanks to highly qualified professional profiles
  • Technological benchmarking (e.g. NHC)
  • Experimental analyses (e.g. site control, WiMAX campus)
  • Supplier qualification (NHC)
  • Certifications (Certification of Sites, NHC, Testing)
  • Management of bids and financed research projects

Technological platforms

Microprocessors / Microcontrollers Radio-Frequency (RF) Modules
Freescale: Families iMX28, Cortex-M0+, Cortex-M4 Texas Instruments Sub-GHz: CC1110, CC2520, CC1350
Microchip: Families PIC18Fxx, 16Fxx, 12Fxx, dsPIC Texas Instruments 2.4GHz: CC2530, CC2531, CC2541, CC2650, CC1350, CC3200
ST Microelectronics: Cortex-M3, Cortex-M4 Wi-Fi Modules: RedPine, LS research, Silex, Atmel WINC1500
Texas Instruments: Cortex-M3, Cortex-M0+, Cortex-A9, ARM9, MSP430 GPS Modules: U-blox, Telit
Renesas: Families RX and SH GPRS/3G/LTE Modules: Telit, Gemalto
NXP: ARM 7, Family EM7XX RFID – UHF, HF Modules: Austria Microsystem, NXP
ATMEL: Cortex-M0+ NFC Modules: ST, NXP
Energy management Sensor and Trasductors
Solar Cells Accelerometer, Gyro
Piezoelectric Devices Magnetometer
Power Electronics Ultrasonic waterproof
Optimization of Radio-frequency Circuits Gas – Electro-chemical Cells CO, NO2, SO2, CH4

Gas – Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS)

Antenna Optimization and Customization Temperature / Humidity / Atmospheric Pressure
Development of Analogue Radio-Frequency Modules (doppler radar /amplifier) Air Quality
Air Flux, Water Flux


Temperature Probes – PTH


CUBIT. C​ubus project, co-financed under Tuscany POR FESR 2014-2020